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Berry, Paul C., Raymond D. Gastil, Herman Kahn, John Karlik, Laurie R. Rockett and Anthony J. Wiener, 19680415, The Future of American Poverty: Some Basic Issues in Evaluating Alternative Anti-Poverty Measures, New York: Hudson Institute.


Berry, Paul C., Raymond D. Gastil, Herman Kahn, John Karlik, Laurie R. Rockett and Anthony J. Wiener, 19680415, The Future of American Poverty: Some Basic Issues in Evaluating Alternative Anti-Poverty Measures, New York: Hudson Institute. (Prepared of the Office of Economic Opportunity, Excutive Office of the President, under Contract No. OEO-979.) 2,2+34,8+114,8+142,4+57



‘Contents

Report1

Kahn, Herman, 1968, "A Context and Summary for a Study of Some Basic Issues of Poverty," Berry et al. The Future of American Poverty: Some Basic Issues in Evaluating Alternative Anti-Poverty Measures, New York: Hudson Institute. 2+34p

Preface
American Values and Poverty
Kinds of Poor
Feasible Objectives of a Poverty Program
Kinds of Poor Revisited: The "Qualified" and "Unqualified" Distinction
Program Recommendations
Conclusion

Appendix 1: Note on U.S. Welfare Programs and Foreign Policy
Appendix 2: Note on Orientations Towards Poverty (with Anthony J. Wiener)



Report2

Gastil, Raymond D., 1968, "Toward a New Basis for The Evaluation of Anti-Poverty," Berry et al. The Future of American Poverty: Some Basic Issues in Evaluating Alternative Anti-Poverty Measures, New York: Hudson Institute. 8+114p

Part1. The Problem of Poverty
A. A Model for the Poor
B. The Fit of the Poverty Model to the American Situation in the Mid-1960's
C. Alleviating the Problems of the Inevitably Poor through Education
D. Alleviating Poverty through Balancing Incentives and Income
E. Conclusion

Part2. Equality of Economic Opportunity: Some Basic Considerations
A. Introduction
B. Reasons of Inequality of Opportunity
C. Solutions of Inequality through Segregation
D. Solution of Inequality through Integration
E. The Interrelationship between the Sturuggle Against Poverty and the Struggle Against Inequality of Opportunity

Part 3. Program Suggestions
Preface
A. General Solutions to Poverty through Transfers
A.1. Thoughts on a More Graduated Negative Income Tax
A.2. A Low-Cost Package of Income Supplement Programs for Maximum Social Enginnering Benefit
B.1. Intergration for Equality of Opportunity
B.2. Training Programs
B.3. The Penal System

Note to Part1 Should Cultures of Poverty be Preserved?
Appendix 1 by John Karlik
@A Supplementary Training and Relocation Program to Activate the Poor
Appendix 2 by Laurie C. Rockett
@A Work Incentive and Family Allowance Plan



Report3

Berry, Paul C., Raymond D. Gastil and Laurie R. Rockett, 1968, "Characteristics of Alternative Antipoverty Measures," Berry et al. The Future of American Poverty: Some Basic Issues in Evaluating Alternative Anti-Poverty Measures, New York: Hudson Institute. 8+142p

Preface

Part1
General Introduction
1. What is the Poverty Problem?
Some limiting cases
Relative deprivation and the problem of being last
Measures of poverty
A cultural view of poverty
An opportunity view of poverty
Poverty and the rights and privileges of citizens
The long-run tred
Summary of alternative goals
The left-right scale in theories of poverty
Value bs. empirical distinctions

2. Types of Antipoverty Measures
Bases of priority and choice
Access to training

3. Access to Employment
Information
Relocation
Discremination

4. Power, Justice and Citizenship

5. Full Employment Policies
Is full employment possible with automation?

6. Actuarial Programs

7. Non-monetary Assistance and Guidance

8. Transfer Payments
Existing systems
Goals and constraints on income transfer plans
The nature of cost
The incentive effect
Intermediate levels of guaranteed income
The effectiveness of transfer-by-taxation
Final perspective

Part2
A. Birth Control and Poverty
1. Ineffective Planning and New Methods of Contraception
2. Communication of Contraceptive Methods
3. Illegitimacy
4. The Possible Effect of Developments in Birth Control
5. Cost-Effectiveness of Birth Control

B. Possible Increases in Mobility out of a "Culture of Poverty"
1. The Notion of a Poverty "Culture"
a) Poverty as an autonomous culture
b) Poverty as an autonomous and equal culture
c) Lower-class culture as a cue to discremination
d) Poverty as a stable, evolving culture
e) Poverty culture as a transitory defense

2. Questions Preparatory to Design of Programs Based Upon "Culture of Poverty" Concepts

3. How Widespread is the Cultrue of Poverty and What are its Features?
Identity and Numbers
Demography of the Culture of Poverty

4. How Stable is the Culture of Poverty?
What are the limits of social mobility?

5. Means to Modify the Culture of Poverty
Culture-change and the Indian Bureau
Applying the BIA approach to all the Poor
Ghetto Cultures: gilding versus dispersal
Direct approaches to the cultural traits of individuals
Summary

Figures

Report4

Rockett, Laurie R., 1968, "The Future of Poverty: A Perspective," Berry et al. The Future of American Poverty: Some Basic Issues in Evaluating Alternative Anti-Poverty Measures, New York: Hudson Institute. 4+57p

‡T. Introduction
‡U. The Economic History of U.S. Poverty
A. Improving Living Standards of the Poor
B. Changing Standards for Poverty Programs
‡V. The Political Dynamics of Poverty
A. The Political History of U.S. Poverty
B. Current Trends in the War on Poverty
C. The Political future of U.S. Poverty
‡W. Projections
A. The Percentage of All American Families in Poverty
B. The Demogaphic and Political Complexion of Future Poverty
@1. Nonwhite Poverty
@2. White Poverty
@3. Effect of OEO Programs
C. Conclusion


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