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Musgrave, Ralph S., 199112, Workfare: A Marginal Employment Subsidy for Private and Public Sectors, Framwellgate Moor: Ralph S. Musgrave.


Musgrave, Ralph S., 199112, Workfare: A Marginal Employment Subsidy for Private and Public Sectors, Framwellgate Moor, Durham, England: Ralph S. Musgrave. 43p ISBN-10: 0951884107 [amazon]



■Contents

Definitions
Introduction
The Marginal Employment Subsidy
Two false assumptions in Workfare
Job Creation Schemes:
 Introduction
 Flaws in Job Creation schemes
 Training
 Seasonal or cyclical factors
 Maintaining skills
Marginal Employment Subsidy Workfare
 Implementing MES Workfare
 Variable elements in MES Workfare
 The Wage
 The Sanction
 MES Workfare and structural unemployment
Criticisms of MES Workfare
 1. Displacement of exisiting employees
    Actual displacement / Fear of displacement
 2. It would involve futile work
 3. There are few workshy, thus no form of workfare is need
 4. Time is needed for job searching
 5. It is similar to other employment subsidies
    Employment Training
 6. It would invite fraud
 7. Temporary jobs are not worthwhile
 8. Administration costs would be high
 9. People should not be forced into unsuitable work
 10. It does not incorporate training
 11. It would encourage unproductive work
 12. Inflation stems from areas other than the labour market
 13. The elasticity of demand for low grade labour is low
 14. It would be associated with low grade labour
 15. It would involve menial work
Some final remarks: Russia's Workfare

Appendix I: The irrelevance of cost per job / The irrelevance of demand per job
Appendix II: Weaknesses in some criticisms of job creation schemes
Appendix III: Fallacies in labour supply reduction
References




[memo]

Musgrave, Ralph S., 2006, "A Market Imitating Employment Subsidy," Bent Greve ed., The Future of the Welfare State: European and Global Perspectives, Aldershot: Ashgate, 37-43.

Greve, Bent ed., 20060728, The Future of the Welfare State: European and Global Perspectives(Alternative Voices in Contemporary Economics), Aldershot, England and Burlington, VT: Ashgate. 161p £49.87 ISBN-10: 0754646408 [amazon](inside)


製作:小林勇人(立命館大学大学院先端総合学術研究科)
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