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Pierson, Paul, 1994, Dismantling The Welfare State?: Regan, Thatcher, and The Politics of Retrenchment, Cambridge, New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.


Pierson, Paul, 1994, Dismantling The Welfare State?: Regan, Thatcher, and The Politics of Retrenchment, Cambridge, New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. 8+213p ISBN-10: 0521555701 $22.99(PB) [amazon]


■Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction: Conservatives and Welfare State
 From the "Golden Era" to Conservative Resurgence
 The Regan and Thatcher Records
 Understanding the Politics of Retrenchment

Part 1: Analytical Foundations

1. The Logic of Retrenchment

Conceptualizing and Measuring Retrenchment
The Hazards of Imposing Losses
Strategies for Minimizing Costs
 Strategies of obfuscation
 Strategies of division
 Strategies of compensation
 Limitations of retrenchment strategies

2. Interests, Institutions, and Policy Feedback

Organized Labor, Program Constituencies, and the Welfare State
"New Institutionalism" and the Politics of Social Policy
 Formal institutions
 Governmental capacities
Policy Feedback and Political Change
Policy Feedback and Welfare State Politics

Part 2. The Politics of Programmatic Retrenchment

3. Retrenchment in a Core Sector: Old-age Pensions

The Structure of Pension Policies in Britatin and the United States
 Inclusiveness
 Maturity
 Treatment of private provision
 Financing
 Indexation
Thatcher, Regan, and Pension Policy
 The Thatcher government and state pension provision
 Pension policy in the Reagan years
Policy Feedback and Pension Reform: Explaining Outcomes

4. Retrenchment in a Vulnerable Sector: Housing Policy

The Structure of Housing Policies in Britatin and the United States
Regan, Thatcher, and Housing Policy
 The Thatcher government and housing policy
 The Reagan administraion's housing policy
Explaining the Success of Retrenchment in Housing Policy

5. Retrenchment in a Residualized Sector: Income-support Policy

The Structure of Income-maintenance Policies in Britatin and the United States
Regan, Thatcher, and Income-support Policy
 The Thatcher government and income maintenance
 Income-support policy under Regan
Explaining Outcomes

Part 3: The Embattled Welfare State

6. The Impact of Conservative Governments

Programmatic Retrenchment in Health Care, and Disability and Sickness Programs
 Health care
 Sickness and disability
Programmatic Retrenchment: The Reagan and Thatcher Records
Systemic Retrenchment in Britain and the United States
 Public opinion
 Defunding the welfare state
 Political institutions
 Interest groups
 Conclusion

7. Social Policy in an Era of Austerity

The Sources of Programmatic Durability
 From power resources to programmatic networks: the transformation of welfare state support
 Political institutions and programmatic retrenchment
 Policy arenas and programmatic structures
 Institutional analysis and programmatic retrenchment
Changing the Context: The Restricted Scope of Systemic Retrenchement
 The political basis for a defunding strategy
 Contradictions of the conservative reform agenda
Welfare State Resilience and the Future of Social Policy

Notes
Index



■メモ

3. Retrenchment in a Core Sector: Old-age Pensions
Thatcher, Regan, and Pension Policy
 The Thatcher government and state pension provision

「政府の社会保障法の他の局面は議会の激しい抵抗にでくわしたけれども、年金改革は容易に通過し、異議は限られたものだった。1986年の改革は一般的に、サッチャー政権にとって一つの重要な撤退であるとみなされていたし、さらには中産階級の社会的利益が特権的な地位を持つことの証しでさえあった。結局、政府はSERPSを撤廃することに失敗した。しかしながら、この解釈は、政府の修正された提言が持つ重要性を見逃す。基礎年金とSERPSの改革は相まって、年金政策の劇的な変化を表す。その新しい取り決めは、所得分配、年金受給条件の中に占める国家や民間セクターの役割、国家財政の展開、にとって重要な反響を持つであろう。」(Pierson 1994: 63)


5. Retrenchment in a Residualized Sector: Income-support Policy

The Structure of Income-maintenance Policies in Britatin and the United States
Regan, Thatcher, and Income-support Policy
 The Thatcher government and income maintenance
  The Politics of decremendalism: non-targeted income-maintenance programs.
  Reforming targeted programs: the fruitless search for a "New Beveridge."
 Income-support policy under Regan
  The assault on income-maintenance spending.
  Income-support policy and the New Federalism proposals.
  Workfare as a retrenchment strategy.
  Flourishing despite austerity: the earned-income tax credit.
Explaining Outcomes



製作:小林勇人(立命館大学大学院先端総合学術研究科)
UP:20061229 http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/gr/gsce/db1990/9400pp.htm
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