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Schram, Sanford F. and Samuel H. Beer eds., 1999, Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.


Schram, Sanford F. and Samuel H. Beer eds., 19991105, Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. 10+247p ISBN-10: 0943875935 [amazon](inside)


Schram, Sanford F., 1999, "Introduction," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1-12.

Beer, Samuel H., 1999, "Welfare Reform: Revolution or Retrenchment?," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 13-9.

Rom, Mark Carl, Paul E. Peterson, and Kenneth F. Scheve, Jr., 1999, "Interstate Competition and Welfare Policy," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 21-41.

Piven, Frances Fox, 1999, "Comment on Interstate Competition and Welfare Policy," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 43-7.

Weir, Margaret, 1999, "Welfare Reform and the Political Geography of Poverty," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 49-60.

Allard, Scott W., 1999, "Revisiting Shapiro: Welfare Magnets and State Residency Requirements in the 1990s," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 61-81.

Schram, Sanford F. and Joe Soss, 1999, "Making Something Out of Nothing: Welfare Reform and a New Race to the Bottom," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 83-104.

Lurie, Irene, 1999, "Watching the Race: Where You Sit Affects What You See," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 105-10.

Vartanian, Thomas, Joe Soss, Sanford F. Schram, and Jim Baumohl, 1999, "Already Hit Bottom: General Assistance, Welfare Retrenchment, and Single Male Migration," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 111-27.

Nathan, Richard P. and Thomas L. Gais, 1999, "Early Findings About the Newest New Federalism for Welfare," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 129-37.

Curtis, Karen A., 1999, "Welfare Reform in Delaware: "A Better Chance" for Whom?," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 139-56.

Johnston, Jocelyn M. and Kara Lindaman, 1999, "Implementing Welfare Reform in Kansas: Moving, But Not Racing," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 157-76.

Francis, Richard M., 1999, "Predictions, Patterns, and Policymaking: A Regional Study of Devolution," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 177-94.

Schneider, Saundra K., 1999, "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Medicaid," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 195-208.

Gault, Barbara, Heidi Hartmann, and Hsiao-Ye Yi, 1999, "Prospects for Low-Income Mothers' Economic Survival Under Welfare Reform," Sanford F. Schram and Samuel H. Beer eds., Welfare Reform: A Race to the Bottom?, Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 209-27.



■Contents

Foreword

1. Introduction

The Race to the Bottom in Historical Perspective
The Race to the Bottom as an Issue in Welfare Reform Today

2. Welfare Reform: Revolution or Retrenchment?

3. Interstate Competition and Welfare Policy

Interstate Competition
 Aid to Families with Dependent Children
The Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Welfare Benefits
Estimating Competitive Effects on Welfare Policy
 Main Hypothesis: State Policymakers Respond to the Welfare Policy Choices of Their Competitors.
 Per Capita Income
 Matching Grant
 Poverty rates
 Partisan Control
 Ethnicity
Specification and Estimation of Welfare Policy
Results
Conclusion

4. Comment on Interstate Competition and Welfare Policy

Conclusion

5. Welfare Reform and the Political Geography of Poverty

The Political Geography of Poverty
Cyclical Federalism or a Race to the Bottom?
The Political Geography of Power
Urban Power in State Legislatures
Governors, Taxes, and the Urban Poor
Future Prospects for Big Cities and Urban Families
Conclusion

6. Revisiting Shapiro: Welfare Magnets and State Residency Requirements in the 1990s

Social Science Research and the Welfare Magnet
Welfare Reform and State Residency Requirements
Residency Requirements and the Courts
 What is a Compelling State Governmental Interest?
 What Constitutes a Penalty and Does the Penalty Imposed by a Residency Requirement Inhibit the Right to Migrate?
Conclusion

7. Making Something Out of Nothing: Welfare Reform and a New Race to the Bottom

Welfarer Reform: Dubious Devolution
Welfare Reform in a Federal System and the Specter of Migration
Without Cause or Effect
The Uncertainty of Rules, the Irony of Welfare Reform
Conclusion

8. Watching the Race: Where You Sit Affects What You See

Evidence about Welfare-induced Migration
Another Anlytical Perspective
Observations from the Front Row
Conclusion

9. Already Hit Bottom: General Assistance, Welfare Retrenchment, and Single Male Migration

General Assistance
The GA Retrenchment
Welfare Migration: Substance or Symbolism?
Measuring GA Migration
Modeling GA Migration
Conclusion: Assessing GA Migration in Context

10. Early Findings About the Newest New Federalism for Welfare

The Personal Responsibility Act
Federalism Effects
 New Signals
 "Second-Order Devolution" to Localities
 Contractual Devolution
Conclusion

11. Welfare Reform in Delaware: "A Better Chance" for Whom?

Welfare Policy and Welfare Policy Research
Welfare Dependency: Assumptions and "Remedies"
Approaches to Welfare Reform in Delaware: The 1980s
Approaches to Welfare Reform in Delaware: The 1990s
 The ABC Welfare Waiver
 Work Should Pay More than Welfare
 Welfare Recipients Must Exercise Personal Responsibility
 Welfare Benefits Should Be Transitional
 Both Parents Are Responsible for Supporting Their Children
 Two-Parent Families Should Be Encouraged and Teenage Pregnancy and Unwed Motherhood Should Be Dicouraged
Conclusion

12. Implementing Welfare Reform in Kansas: Moving, But Not Racing

The Politics of Welfare Reform in Kansas
 Quiet Politics
 The Role of Interest Groups
 Other Elements of Reform Politics
The "Substance" of Welfare Reform in Kansas
Administrative Strategies for Implementing Reform
 Decentralization
 Integration of Caseworker Functions
 Interorganizational Linkages
Conclusion

13. Predictions, Patterns, and Policymaking: A Regional Study of Devolution

Welfare Reform; Theoretical Approaches
 Down and Out: States and Welfare Cutbacks
 State Battles: Reserve Armies of the Poor
 More of the Same, Only Worse: Increasing State Variation
Research Design and Methodology
Assessing Welfare Reform: States in Perspective
 The States in Comparison
 The New England Region
 Explaining the Variation: Politico-Economic Determinants
  Economic Conditions
  Political Conditions
Why Existing Explanations Fail: Methods and Models
 The Importance of Intervening Institutions
 The Missing Voice of Business
The Importance of Administration
Conclusion

14. The Impact of Welfare Reform on Medicaid

Contemporary Pressures for Welfare Reform
Medicaid Policy and Welfare Reform
Conclusion

15. Prospects for Low-Income Mothers' Economic Survival Under Welfare Reform

Dimensions of Welfare-Reform Implementation
 State Spending and Service Provision Under Welfare Reform
 New Federal Rules Limit Job Training and Education
 The Need to Track Outcomes for Those Who Leave Welfare
Implications of "Work First" Strategies, Work Requirements, and Time Limits on Welfare Recipients' Employment and Economic Well Being
 Are Single Mothers "Dependent" on Welfare?
 How Much Time Did Welfare Recipients Spend Working Before Welfare Reform?
 Importance of Human Capital Development in Leading to Work and Better Economic Outcomes
 Can Welfare Recipients Rely on Income from Work to Escape Poverty?
 Other Factors That Increase Welfare Recipients Chances of Escaping Poverty
Importance of Increased Child-Care Subsidies and After-Hours Child Care
 Addressing Domestic Violence, Substance Abuse, Disabilities, and Other Barriers to Employment
Conclusion


Contributors
Index



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製作:小林勇人(立命館大学大学院先端総合学術研究科)
UP:20070329 http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/gr/gsce/db1990/9911ss.htm
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