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Neubeck, Kenneth J. and Noel A. Cazenave, 20010809, Welfare Racism: Playing the Race Card Against America's Poor, New York and London: Routledge.


Neubeck, Kenneth J. and Noel A. Cazenave, 20010809, Welfare Racism: Playing the Race Card Against America's Poor, New York and London: Routledge. 10+294p $28.95(PB) ISBN-10: 0415923417 [amazon](inside)



■Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments

1 Seeing Welfare Racism

Playing the Welfare "Race Card"
Seeing Welfare Racism
Beyond Racism? the Politics of Denial
Not Seeing the Forest for the Trees: A Case of Racism-Blind Social Science
The Scope and Organization of This Book

2 Conceptualizing "Welfare Racism"

Mainstream Perspectives on U.S. Welfare Policy
 Class-Centered Perspectives on U.S. Welfare Policy
 Gender-Centered Perspectives
 State-Centered Perspectives
The Need for a Racism-Centered Perspective on U.S. Welfare Policy
White Racial Hegemony and the Nature of the State
The Political Economy of the Racial State
Womanism, Gendered Racism, and Controlling Images
 Gendered Racism and Controlling Images
Welfare Racism

3 Welfare Racism in the Early Years of Public Assistance

Welfare Racism in the Progressive Era
 The Mothers Pension Movement and Its Impact
 Racial Exclusion from Mothers Pensions
The Racialized Welfare State
 The New Deal Accommodation to White Racial Hegemony
 Silencing the Racially Oppressed
 Provisions of the Racial State's Aid to Dependent Children Program
 Welfare Racism in ADC: The Pre-World War 2 Years
 Putting Limits on Welfare Racism: The Federal Racial State Reins in Racist Exclusion
 Emerging Institutionalized Patterns of Welfare Racism in ADC
Camouflaged Welfare Racism in the Post-World War 2 Period
 Suitable-Home Policies
 Man-in-the-House Policies
 Residency Requirements
 Compulsory Work Rules
The Darkening Color of the ADC Rolls in the Postwar Period
Toward an Understanding of Welfare Racism as Racial Control

4 Welfare Racism as a Defense Against Challenges to White Supremacy

Battling the Civil Rights Movement: Welfare Racism in Luisiana
 The Challenge to White Supremacy in Louisiana
 The Mobilization of Welfare Racism by the Louisiana Racial State
 The Racial State as Contested Terrain: Challenging Welfare Recism
 Race-Blind Intervention by the Federal Racial State
 Louisiana Lost the Battle and Won the War
Combating the Black Diaspora: The Newburgh, N.Y. Controversy
 Challenges to White Supremacy in an "All-American" City
 Local Racial State Actor's Struggle to Uphold White Dominance
 Welfare Reforms and the Mobilization of Controlling Images in Newburgh
 The Racially Punitive "Thirteen-Point Program"
 Newburgh Welfare Policies Become a National Issue
 Dissent between Levels of the Racial State
 The Thirteen-Point Program Unravels
 Fallout from Welfare Racism in Newburgh
Maintaining Internal Colonialism in Washington, D.C.
 Internal Colonialism Perspectives and Thier Relevance
 Racial Change and Tensions in Washington, D.C.
 The Nature of Internal Colonialism in the District of Columbia
 The Byrd Hearings
 Robert C. Byrd: From the Klan to the U.S. Senate
 Color Struck: Poverty in Black and White
 Increasing Waywardness by Narrowing the Path
 Welfare Fraud Uncovered: Man in the House Discoverd
 The Byrd Hearings as Racial Colonialism
 Exerting Racial control over City Social Workers
 Unheard Voices
 The Byrd Hearings As Seen through an Economic Lens
 After the Hearings and Beyond
The Significance of Louisiana, Newburgh, and Washington, D.C.

5 The Demise of AFDC as a Legacy of White Racial Backlash

White Balcklash and Racialized Welfare Politics
 Shifting Targets of Backlash Politics: From Civil Rights to Economic Justice
White Backlash and the Transfiguration of the Racial State
 Politics Elites as Agents in the Racialization of National Politics
Racialized Images of the Poor: The Role of the Mass Media
 Gilens's Povicative Data on the Media's Racial Bias
 Racism Blindness in Gilens's Explanation for Evidence of Media Bias
The White Backlash Legacy Homes in on AFDC
 The Legacy of White Backlash and Public Opinion about Welfare
Controlling Welfare Queens: The "New Paternalism"
 Old and New Paternalisms
 New Paternalism as Racial Control
 Policy Analysts' Attack on the "Culture" of the Improverished
The Uses of Racialized Welfare Policy as Ideology

6 Welfare Reform as Race Population Control

Welfare Reform as Immigration-Focused Race Population Control
 The PRWORA and the Color Line at U.S. Borders
 Racializing "Foreign" Culture, Demonizing Dark-Skinned Immigrants
 Immigration Control through Welfare Denial
Controlling African-American Reproduction through Welfare Racism
 Welfare Reform as Procreation-Focused Race Population Control
 White Political Bakclash and Black Motherhood as a Social Problem
 Examining the Discourse over Unwanted "Breeding"
 Norplant: The New Technology of Procreation-Targeted Race Population Control
 Fmaily Caps: Enforcing Birth Control through Increased Impoverishment
 Legislating Male Patriarchy through Gendered Welfare Racism
 The PRWORA as Procreation-Focused Race Population Control
 Procreation-Focused Race Population Control Policy, Patriarchy, and Class Dominance
 "What Are They Doing?"
"Miss Ann" Reforms the "Welfare Queens"
 Ain't I a Woman? Part 2
 Black Women's Labor Force Attachment
 No Help from "Ms. Ann"

7 After AFDC and the Return of States' Rights-Era Welfare Racism

Welfare Racism After AFDC
 The Persistence of Welfare Racism
 Racial Barriers to People of Color Leaving the Welfare Rolls
 Race-Based Sanctions and Family Cap Policies: Racial Control Persists
 Welfare Racism Devolves to the Local Level: "Division" Practices in New York City
 Racially Exclusionary Practices in Idaho
 Sabotaging "Welfare to Work" Efforts of Black and Latino/a recipients in Florida
 How Welfare Racism Violates Human Rights: The Case of Mississippi
 Racial Discrimination by Employers and Caseworkers in Virginia
 The Multiple Discriminatory Barriers Put before Poor Women of Color
 Welfare Reform's Attack on Immigrants of Color
 The Oppression of Native Americans by Welfare Reform
 Unraveling Neighborhood Infrastructures in Massachusetts Communities of Color
More Denial of Racism: Mainstream Monitoring of the Outcomes of Welfare Reform
 Race-Blind Pretensions
 Do-Racing and De-Gendering the Consequences of Welfare Reform
 Importnat Questions for Welfare Reform Outcomes Studies
  1. Was the Possible Effect of Race on Welfare Reform Outcomes Recognized?
  2. Did Welfare Reform Outcome Research Address Barriers Faced by People of Color?
  3. Were Special or Unique Problems Faced by Poor Women of Color Addressed?
  4. Was Racism a Concern of Mainstream Watchdogs?
 Why Do Welfare Reform Monitoring Groups Ignore "Race" and Racism?
Post-AFDC Racism: The Route to Increased Racial and Class Balkanization

8 Confronting Welfare Racism

The Good Times: A Closer Look
Beyond the Politics of Denial
 Continuum of Public Policy Response to Racism
Strategies and Tactics for Confronting Welfare Racism
 Education, Research, and Monitoring
 Legislative Policy Action
 Legal Remedies
 Social Protest and Grassroots Organization
The Journey Continues: Beyond Welfare Racism


Notes
Index




■メモ

5 The Demise of AFDC as a Legacy of White Racial Backlash

White Balcklash and Racialized Welfare Politics
 Shifting Targets of Backlash Politics: From Civil Rights to Economic Justic(120-1)

Controlling Welfare Queens: The "New Paternalism"(135-43)
 Old and New Paternalisms
 New Paternalism as Racial Control
 Policy Analysts' Attack on the "Culture" of the Improverished


製作:小林勇人(立命館大学大学院先端総合学術研究科)
UP:20070403 http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/gr/gsce/db2000/0108nk.htm
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