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Andersen, Jorgen Goul and Per H. Jensen eds., 20020123, Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press.


Andersen, Jorgen Goul and Per H. Jensen eds., 20020123, Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press. 13+298p $37.50(PB) ISBN-10: 1861342721 [amazon]



◆Andersen, Jorgen Goul and Per H. Jensen, 2002, "Citizenship, Changing Labour Markets and Welfare Policies: An Introduction," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 1-13.

◆Plougmann, Peter, 2002, "Internationalisation and the Labour Market of the European Union," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 15-38.

◆Lister, Ruth, 2002, "Citizenship and Changing Welfare States," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 39-57.

◆Andersen, Jorgen Goul, 2002, "Work and Citizenship: Unemployment and Unemployment Policies in Denmark, 1980-2000," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 59-84.

◆Trommel, Willem and Bert de Vroom, 2002, "New Institutional Forms of Welfare Production: Some Implications for Citizenship," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 85-105.

◆Andersen, Jorgen Goul and Knut Halvorsen, 2002, "Unemployment, Welfare Policies and Citizenship: Different Paths in Western Europe," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 107-27.

◆Hammer, Torild, 2002, "Youth Unemployment, Welfare and Political Participation: A Comparative Study of Six Countries," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 129-47.

◆Craig, Gary, 2002, "Ethnicity, Racism and the Labour Market: A European Perspective," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 149-81.

◆Vroom, Bert de and Anne Marie Guillemard, 2002, "From Externalisation to Integration of Older Workers: Institutional Changes at the End of the Worklife," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 183-207.

◆Bouget, Denis, 2002, "Movements by the Unemployed in France and Social Protection: the Fonds D'urgence Sociale Experience," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 209-33.

◆Pfau-Effinger, Birgit, 2002, "Changing Welfare States and Labour Markets in the Context of European Gender Arrangements," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 235-56.

◆Born, Asmund and Per H. Jensen, 2002, "A Second Order Reflection on the Concepts of Inclusion and Exclusion," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 257-79.

◆Andersen, Jorgen Goul and Per H. Jensen, 2002, "Concluding Remarks," Jorgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen eds., Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship, Bristol: The Policy Press, 281-88.




■Contents

Notes on contributors
List of acronyms
Glossary
Preface


Introduction

1. Citizenship, Changing Labour Markets and Welfare Policies: An Introduction

Changing labour markets and welfare policies
 Welfare policies and citizenship
Concepts of citizenship and marginalisation
 Defining citizenship / Defining marginalisation
Chapter themes

2. Internationalisation and the Labour Market of the European Union

State of the European labour market
Unemployment and social wellbeing
Different welfare state regimes
Relationship between unemployment and earning inequality
Important dynamics for the future of the European labour market
 New international distribution of work creates new world (dis)order / Global distribution of paid work / Social and political changes: the role of the middle class / The new economy / New social dynamics / Industrial Hollywoods ( Social capital / 'New Middle Ages' of the exisiting form of competition in the EU / Mega metropolises and migration / New forms of work organisation ) / 'Flexicurity'
Demands for new competencies
Perspectives


Changing interactions between policies and citizenship

3. Citizenship and Changing Welfare States

Introduction
Meaning(s) of citizenship
Contemporary theorisation of citizenship
 Insiders / Outsiders
Citizenship and changing welfare states
 Residualisation of social rights / Relationship between social rights and obligations / Care
Beyond the nation state
 The EU / Outsiders
Conclusions

4. Work and Citizenship: Unemployment and Unemployment Policies in Denmark, 1980-2000

Employment and unemployment
Changing problem definitions of unemployment
Changing employment and unemployment policies
 Keynesian strategies 1975-82 / Export strategy 1982-92 / Activation strategy 1993 onwards / The basic income path / New main path: the active line
Why such changes?
Conclusions: economic sustainability and implications for citizenship
Appendix: Danish labour market reform in three stages: a detailed overview

5. New Institutional Forms of Welfare Production: Some Implications for Citizenship

Character of welfare state change: retrenchment versus restructuring
Limited possibilities of retrenchment: policy feedback
 From retrenchment to restructuring: an alternative analytical model
Reform of the Dutch social security system
 Social security programmes / Policy implementation and organisation
Institutional change of the Dutch welfare state
 Programmatic change / Contextual change / Institutional change: the activating paradigm
Implications for citizenship
 From institutional to ontological to normative change / Social dimension of citizenship / New directions / A third way?
Conclusions


The cause and effect of welfare policies on citizenship

6. Unemployment, Welfare Policies and Citizenship: Different Paths in Western Europe

'Standard interpretation'
Institutional theories
Testing the 'standard interpretation'
Many routes to improved unemployment but with different effects on citizenship

7. Youth Unemployment, Welfare and Political Participation: A Comparative Study of Six Countries

Previous findings
The data set
Results
Discussion
Appendix: Measurements and indices

8. Ethnicity, Racism and the Labour Market: A European Perspective

Citizenship and settlement patterns
Data and data problems
Poverty, ethnicity and exclusion
Ethnicity and local labour markets
 Countries with relatively lower levels of ethnic minority residents ( Denmark / Finland / Norway / United Kingdom ) / Countries with relatively higher levels of ethnic minority residents ( Austria / Belgium / France / Germany / Hungary / Netherlands )
Conclusions

9. From Externalisation to Integration of Older Workers: Institutional Changes at the End of the Worklife

Early exit patterns in Europe
Reversal of a trend: innovations and institutional barriers
 The Dutch case ( Disability pathway: from rights to incentives and disincentives / Early retirement: from collective arrangements to individual plans / Closing the unemployment pathway: dismantling ) / The French case ( Tightening early exit pathways / Measures for keeping older wage-earners in employment or even recruiting the ageing unemployed / Reforming the retirement system: an ongoing debate )
Conclusions
 From the vicious circle of early exit to the virtuous circle of active ageing / Changing exit patterns, citizenship and marginalisation / Reforming continental welfare state in phase with the new flexible lifecourses: 'social drawing rights'

10. Movements by the Unemployed in France and Social Protection: the Fonds D'urgence Sociale Experience

Unemployment and social protection in France
 Description of the system and its principles / Unemployment, social exclusion and social protection
Movement by the unemployment in France
Government reactions: Fonds d'urgence sociale
 Demand for FUS benefit: poverty / Distribution of FUS benefits: urgency versus equity / Pragmatism in organisation under a priority of urgency / Social assistance and minimum incomes
Conclusions

11. Changing Welfare States and Labour Markets in the Context of European Gender Arrangements

Concepts of citizenship and gender
 Citizenship as normative approach / Citizenship as coherent unity of welfare state policies and labour market behaviour / Lack of culture dimension as explanation for cross-national differences / Missing conceptualisation of social change
Cross-national analysis of gender policies of welfare states in the framework of gender arrangements
 Theoretical approach of the 'gender arrangement' / Classification of gender arrangements by the dominant gender cultural models / Interrelations of welfare state policies and social practices of individuals within the gender arrangement
Analyses of changes in welfare state policies within European gender arrangements
 Modernisation paths of gender arrangements / Welfare state policies to promote gender equality / Dynamics of change
Conclusions


Conclusions

12. A Second Order Reflection on the Concepts of Inclusion and Exclusion

Concept in use
Silent content of inclusion
Implications
Mechanisms privileging an asymmetric view
 First mechanism / Second mechanism / Third mechanism / Fourth mechanism
Losing sight of basic assumptions about society
Reconstructing the gaze
 A communicative perspective / Communicating about society through the concepts of inclusion and exclusion / Inclusion/exclusion and the functionally differentiated society / Inclusion/exclusion and systemically differentiated communication
Conclusions

13. Concluding Remarks


Index




■メモ

1. Citizenship, Changing Labour Markets and Welfare Policies: An Introduction

Changing labour markets and welfare policies
 Welfare policies and citizenship

「アクティヴェーションの支持者は雇用が「社会参加[part of society]」の前提条件であると考える傾向がある。どのようにアクティヴェーション・プログラムがより「能力を引き出す[empowering]」方法で準備されているかを論じてきた学者もいれば、アクティヴェーションを「ワークフェア」と同一視する傾向がある学者もいるが、ワークフェアの狙いとは労働倫理を制御し維持することである。」(5)

Concepts of citizenship and marginalisation
 Defining citizenship

「・identities or orientations:・・・/またここには、例えば自由主義者、社会民主主義者、共和主義者、共同体主義者におけるシチズンシップの諸構想の間で、重要な規範的議論が存在する。例えば、ワークフェアは共同体主義者のシチズンシップの概念に強く結び付けられている。」(6)

3. Citizenship and Changing Welfare States

Citizenship and changing welfare states
 Residualisation of social rights / Relationship between social rights and obligations

「「労働の終焉」テーゼに同意する者にとって、まさに歴史のこの重大な時期において政府が<その>シチズンシップの義務として雇用を取り扱うことは、逆説的であるように思われる。」(48)

7. Youth Unemployment, Welfare and Political Participation: A Comparative Study of Six Countries

「「ワークフェア」(福祉のための労働[work for welfare])はこの10年間に大半の西ヨーロッパ諸国と同様にイギリスで実施されてきた(Lodemel, 1997)。イギリスの研究者は若年失業者に対する給付金の引き下げ[withdrawal]を市民権の取り下げ[withdrawal]として問題にしてきた(MacDonald, 1997)。」(130)

Lodemel, I., 1997, Pisken i arbeidslinja. Om iverksetjing av arbeid for socialhjelp, FAFO Rapport No 226, Oslo: Fafo Institute for Applied Social Science.
MacDonald, R., 1997, Youth, the 'Underclass' and Social Exclusion, London: Routledge.



製作:小林勇人(立命館大学大学院先端総合学術研究科)
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