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Savas, Emanuel S., 20050530, Privatization In The City: Successes, Failures, Lessons, Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.

Savas, Emanuel S., 20050530, Privatization In The City: Successes, Failures, Lessons, Washington, D.C.: CQ Press. 14+335p $37.95 ISBN: 1568029578 [Amazon]

■Contents

Tables, Figures, and Boxes
Foreword by Rudolph W. Giuliani
Preface

1 Introduction
The New Public Management
 Reverting to Core Functions
 Restoring Civil Society
  Competition
  Privatization
  Deregulation
  User Change
  Pricing Strategies
 Decentralizing and Developing Authority
 Focusing on Management
 "Rightsizing" Government
 Institutionalizing E-Government and Other New Technologies
Privatization and Public-Private Partnerships
 Defining Privatization
 Delegation
  Contracts
  Public-Private Competition
  Franchise
  Public-Private Partnership
  Grants and Other Subsidies
  Voucher
  Mandate
 Divestment
  Sale
  Free Transfer
  Liquidation
 Displacement
  Default
  Withdrawal
  Voluntary Action
  Deregulation
Pitfalls of Privatization
Summary
Notes

2 Municipal Privatization in the United States
Overview
 The Reach of Privatization
 Why Cities Privatize
Privatization in Indianapolis
 Street Repairs
 Wastewater
 Fleet Management
 Solid Waste Collection
 Airport Managemnet
 Golf Courses
 Criticisms of the Contracting Program
 Naval Air Warfare Center
 Faith-Based Institutions
 Summary of Results
Privatization in Phoenix
 Background
 Refuse Collection
 Emergency Ambulance Service
 Bus Service
 National Recongnition
Privatization in Other Cities
 Philadelphia
  Taking Control
  Privatizing
 Chicago
  Towing Automobiles
  Airport Parking
  Soldier Field
  Parks
  Chicago Public Schools (CPS)
  Public-Private Partnership for Transportation
  Other Privatized Services
 Charlotte
 Milwaukee
 Atlanta
  Wastewater Treatment
 Washington, D.C.
Summary
Notes

3 Evolution of Privatization in New York
Private Provision of Municipal Services in Early New York
 Fire Protection
 Solid Waste Management
 Local Transportation
  The Private Sector Responds: Ground Transportation
  The Private Sector Responds: Ferry Services
  The Contributions of Private Entrepreneurs
Privatization before Giuliani
 Contracting: A Brief Background
 Contracting under the New City Charter
 Contracting in the Dinkins Administration
Summary
Notes

4 Privatization in the Giuliani Administration
Planting the Seeds of Privatization
 The Beginning
 City Council Opposition
 Preparing for Privatization
 Early Initiatives
The New Environment
 Lavor Relations
 Elimination of Race-Based Contracting
 The Firs Competition
Summary
Notes

5 The Extent, Pattern, and Outcomes of Privatization
The Extent of Privatization
The Pattern of Privatization
The Outcomes of Privatization
Summary
Notes

6 Selected Successful Privatization Initiatives
Divestments
 Principal Divestments
  Tax Liens (#31)
  The Coliseum (#16)
  Radio (#20) and Television Stations (#21)
  United Nations Plaza Hotel (#19)
  Parking Facilities (#78)
  Community Gardens (#17)
  City-Owned Residential Buildings (#49 and #50)
 Other Divestments
  Public-Private Partnerships to Divest City-Owned Buildings (#48)
  "Forced Divestment" of Privately Owned Housing (#52)
Contracts
 Physical Services
  Automotive Fleet Management and Maintenance (#8)
  Park Maintenance (#63)
  Custodial Services in Schools (#24)
  Water-Meter Reading (#28)
  Delivery of Office Supplies (#9)
  Red-Light Cameras (#82)
 Health and Human Services
  Private Ambulance Contracting by Private Hospitals (#38)
  Health Care for Prison Inmates (#40)
  Hospital Laundry Services (#41)
  Homeless Shelters (#44)
  Verifying Eligibility of Applicants for Public Housing (#46)
  Performanced-Based Contracting for Job Placement (#56)
Privatization Using Multiple Methods or Unconventional Methods
 Contracting and Management Competition in the Department of Parks and Recreation
 Withdrawal, Default, and Voluntarism
  Welfare Reform (#55)
  Voluntary Support for Cultural Institutions (#14) and Libraries (#64 and #65)
  Business Improvement districts (#4)
  Adopt-a-Highway (#79)
  Central Park (#61)
  Commuter Van Industry (#74)
  Facilities for Paying City Bills (#32)
  Closing City Fueling Stations (#7)
 Unconventional Methods
  Vouchers for Child Day Care (#5)
  Leasing Municipal Parking Garages (#77)
  Franchises (#73, #76, and #69)
  Public-Private Partnerships for Small-Business Health Insurance (#43)
  Deregulation of Licensing (#12)
  Regulation of Commercial Solid Waste Disposal (#75)
Summary
Notes

7 Contested and Thwarted Privatization Initiatives
Municipal Hospitals (#39)
Hospital Security (#42)
Prisons (#13)
Off-Track Betting Corporation (#18)
Summary
Notes

8 Summing Up and Looking Ahead
In Summary
 Leadership
  "Study. Read. Learn Independently."
  "Surround Yourself with Great People."
  "Organize around a Purpose."
  "Develop and Communicate Strong Beliefs."
  "First Things First."
  "Stand Up to Bullies."
 Privatization
 What Might Have Been
A Look Ahead
 Sanitation Services
 Transportation
 Education
 Health Care
 Housing
 Public Works
 Divestments and Asset Sales
Conclusion
Notes

9 Case Study: The Department of Parks and Recreation
Introduction
Managed Competition in Park Maintenance
 Privatization of Park Maintenance in Queens
  Cost
  Performance
  Productivity
 Privatization of Park Maintenance in the Bronx
 Overall Results of Park Maintenance Privatization
Managed Competition in Fleet Maintenance
 Stone and Webster Report
  Maintenance Resources
  Maintenance Peformance
  Conclusions and Recommendations
 Privatization of the Bronx Garage
 Comptroller's Review of the Request for Bid and DPR's Response
  Contract for the Bronx Garage
  Union Issues
  Results of Privatization of the Bronx Garage
  Comptroller's Audit of the Bronx Privatization
 Provatization of the Brooklyn Garage
  Brooklyn Bidding Process
  Contract for the Brooklyn Garage
  Union Issues
  Results of Privatization of the Brooklyn Garages
Reorganization of In-House Vehicle Maintenance
Overall Results of Privatization
Notes


Appendix A: Summary of Privatization Initiatives in New York City, 1993-2001
Appendix B: Privatization Initiatives in Detail
Index



製作:小林勇人(立命館大学大学院先端総合学術研究科)
UP:20061104 REV: http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/gr/gsce/db2000/0505se.htm
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