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Savas, Emanuel S. ed, 20051028, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield.

Savas, Emanuel S. ed, 20051028, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield. $35.00 ISBN: 0742549283 [amazon]

■Contents

Figures
Tables
Abbreviations
Acknowledgments

Part One: Overview

1. Savas, E. S., 2005, "Introduction to Welfare Reform under Mayor Giuliani," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 3-17.

2. Nightingale, Demetra Smith, 2005, "Overview of Welfare Reform," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 18-55.

Part Two: Elements of Welfare Reform

3. Levine, Arthur L., 2005, "Changing the Organizational Culture," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 59-84.

4. Clark, James, 2005, "Protecting against Welfare Fraud," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 85-104.

5. Sherwood, Kay E., 2005, "Managing the Welfare System with JobStat," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 105-45.

6. Besharov, Douglas J. and Peter Germanis, 2005, "Achieving 'Full Engagement'," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 146-70.

7. Clark, James, 2005, "Overcoming Opposition and Giving Work Experience to Welfare Applicants and Recipients," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 171-209.
Besharov, Douglas J. and Peter Germanis, 2005, "Epilogue: Calculating WEP's Costs and Monetary Benefits," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 210-22.

8. Barnow, Burt S. and John Trutko, 2005, "Placing Welfare Applicants and Recipients in Jobs through Perfromance-Based Contracting," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 223-56.

9. Satel, Sally, 2005, "Engagind Drung and Alcohol Abusers," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 257-88.

10. Main, Thomas J., 2005, "Housing the Homeless," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 289-98.

Part Three: Results of Welfare Reform

11. O'Neill, June and Sanders Korenman, 2005, "The Welfare Revolution in New York City," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 301-51.

12. Turner, Jason A., 2005, "TReflections of the Commissioner," Savas ed, Managing welfare Reform in New York City, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littelefield, 352-66.

Index
About the Contributors




■メモ

1. Introduction to Welfare Reform under Mayor Giuliani

Mead, Lawrence M., 2003, "Welfare Caseload Change: An Alternative Approach," The Policy Studies Journal, 31(2): 163-85.
Human Resources Administration, City of New York, 200006, Ladders to Success: Innovations in City Government.
Giuliani, Rudolph W., 2002, Leadership, New York: Miramax Books.

2. Overview of Welfare Reform

Nightingale, Demetra Smith, Nancy Pindus, Fredrica D. Kramer, John Trutko, Kelly Mikelson and Michael Egner, 200207, Work and Welfare Reform in New York City During the Giuliani Administration:A Study of Program Implementation, Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Labor and Social Policy Center.



5. Managing the Welfare System with JobStat

Compstat Influences New Welfare Management Team
What Is JobStat?
Sitting In On A Jobstat Session
Who Needs JobStat?
The Organizational Context
 Congruent Boundaries of Responsibility and Accountability
 Stable Management and Supervision
 Stable Goals and Priorities
 Structures that Maintain Consistent Focus in Crisis-Driven Environments
Which Performance Indicators Matter?
 Indicators that Reflect Important Management Objectives and Strategies
 Indicators of "Critical Path" Activities
 Indicators of Performance in Administering Financial Assistance
Who Needs To Be Involved In Desingning And IMplementing JobStat?
 Users o JobStat
 Agency Functions: Operations, Analysis, and Systems
 Internal and External People
Data, Data Sources, And Technology: Tradeoffs And Lessons
 Accuracy Issues
JobStat Implementation: Early, Middle, And Late Phases
 Early Implementation: When Data Matter for the First Time
 JobStat's Effect on Agency Operations over Time
 The Role of Agency Managers in JobStat over Time
JobStat's Role In Teaching And Management Education
Institutionalizing A New Approach
The Real Outcomes


・「JobStatとは、福祉改革の重要な機能と成果についての情報を収集し分析することや、業績指標を産出し、福祉機関のマネージャーやスタッフ、機関の最高責任者かラインのスーパーヴァイザーまでが、その指標を用いることを含むシステムである。JobStatとはまた、福祉機関のマネージャーやスタッフに教育し、焦点化し、権限を与え、彼らに自分たちの仕事の帰結に対して説明責任を負わせるためのツールである。」(107)

cf
Smith, Dennis with William Bratton, 2002, "Performance Management in New York City: Compstat and the Revolution in Police Management," Forsythe, Dall W. ed., Quicker Better Cheaper? Managing Peformance in American Government, Albany, N.Y.: Rockefeller Institute of Government. p456, figure1

Maple, Jack with Chris Mitchell, 1999, The Crime Fighter: Putting the Bad Guys Out of Business, New York: Doubleday.



6. Achieving 'Full Engagement'

Association of the Bar of the City of New York (ABCNY), Committee on Social Welfare Law, 200108, Welfare Reform in New York City: The Measure of Success, New York City: Committee on Social Welfare Law.

Barnhart, Jo Anne, Chassman, Deborah and Sandie Hoback, 20011105, Moving from Full Engagement to Full Employment: A Program Review of New York City's Welfare Reform, Klamath Falls, Oreg: American Institute for Full Employment.


7. Overcoming Opposition and Giving Work Experience to Welfare Applicants and Recipients

Brock, Thomas, David Butler and David Long, 1993, Unpaid Work Experience for Welfare Recipients: Findings and Lessons from MDRC Research, New York: Man Power Demonstration Research Corporation.

Hamilton, Gayle and Susan Scrivener, 199912, Promoting Participation: How to Increase Involvement in Welfare-to-Work Activities, New York: Man Power Demonstration Research Corporation.

Greenberg, Mark, Elise Richer, Jennifer Mezey, Steve Savner and Rachel Schumacher, 20020415, At What Price? A Cost Analysis for the Administration's Temporary Assistance for Needy Families(TANF) Work Participation Proposal, Washington, D.C.: CLASP.


8. Placing Welfare Applicants and Recipients in Jobs through Perfromance-Based Contracting

Introduction
 Purpose of Study
Organization Of The Chapter
 Caveats
Performance Management And performance-Based Contracting
 Performance-Based Contracting
 performance-Based Contracting in Employment and Training Programs
 Consolidation of Contracts under SAP and ESP Vendors
 Institution of Performance-Based Contracting
 Implementation of Enhanced Electronic Tracking and Payment Systems
 HRA Responsibility for the Workforce Investment Act
Performance-Based Contracting In HRA Programs
 "City Limits" Article
 Center of an Urban Future Article
 When the Private Sector Competes Article
Finding From Interviews
 Interviews with ESP and SAP Vendors
 Interviews with HRA and State Officials
Conclusions
Epilogue: Subsequent Changes

Appendix
 List of Interviews
 Notes


cf
Barnow, Burt S., 1992, "The Effects of Performance Standards on State and Local Programs," Manski, Charles F. and Irwin Garfinkel eds., 1992, Evaluating Welfare and Training Programs, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. 8+364p

★Spaulding, S., 2001, Performance-based Contracting under the Job Training Partnership Act, master's thesis, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.

Kettner, P. M. and Martin, Lawrence L., 1993, "Performance, Accountability, and Purchase of Service Contracting," Administration in Social Work, 17(1): 61-79.

Marschke, G., 2001, "The Economics of Performance Incentives in Government with Evidence from a Federao Job Training Program," Forsythe, Dall W., ed., Quicker, Better, Cheaper? Managing Performance in American Government, Albany, N.Y.: Rockefeller Institute Press.

Barnow, Burt S., 2000, "Exploring the Relationship Between Performance and Program Impact: A Case Study of the Job Training Partnership Act," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 19(1): 118-41.

Cove, Peter, 200001, "Making Welfare-to-Work Fly," Civic Bulletin, 24.

Osborne, David E. and Ted Gaebler, 1992, Reinventing Government: How the Enterpreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector, Reading, Pa.: Addison-Wesley.
製作:小林勇人(立命館大学大学院先端総合学術研究科)
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