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Graduate School of CoreEthics and Frontier Sciences
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Socio-Cultural Symbiosis
Can Civil Society Become the Model for Symbiosis? | Multilingualism in the Modern World | Discord and Symbiosis between Differing Land-title Systems

This theme undertakes a critical review of human history in terms of imperfect experiments in socio-cultural symbiosis attempted at great cost of human life, and it explores methods of developing the possibilities of life and symbiotic lifestyles for the 21st century, without an unacceptable sacrifice.


P. G. Dumouchel
Paul Gerard Dumouchel
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*Can Civil Society Become the Model for Symbiosis?

I have written on violence, its origin and the role it plays in social organization. The focus of my recent research has been the conceptual structure of evolutionary and anthropological theories and explanations, as well as contractualism in both ethics and politics. My ongoing research has been on cultural images of justice and on the political dimension of bioethics. If I had to summarize my philosophical attitude towards life I would quote the following sentence from Spinoza: "In human affairs do not laugh, do not cry or become indignant, but understand."

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NISHI Masahiko
NISHI Masahiko
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*Multilingualism in the Modern World

The language barrier frequently hampers interaction between people, yet it is through language that people initiate interaction. If we are to discuss the blueprint for the next step in intercultural communication, while looking back and reflecting upon what is by far the greatest project of humankind, then there is no alternative but to rely upon language. Exposure to other languages triggers new perspectives. This has remained my basic stance in pursuing the possibilities of comparative literature research.

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WATANABE Kozo
WATANABE Kozo
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*Discord and Symbiosis between Differing Land-title Systems

During primary school, just as I was becoming aware of the world around me, one African colony after another was gaining independence. That was in 1960, the "Year of Africa." The turmoil of the Anpo joyaku (US-Japan Security Treaty) and the upheavals of independence in Africa were about equally distant and generated the same level of reality to me. When I began research on Africa from an anthropological perspective, I began questioning just how valid the view of human rights born in Western Europe was in an Africa ruled with violence by Western Europe. Today, my interest has turned to why West European thought has given rise to anthropology.

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