C. Trevelyan on Personal Visitation:

It is time that we should cease to do all our charity by proxy, and to think that we have discharged our duty to society when we have subscribed a five-pound note to a public institution. Who are to enquire into the individual cases of the swarm of neglected children who are the seed plot of future pauperism and crime? There are nearly 57,000 on the London Out-door relief list alone, besides those maintained by charity, and the large street arab class. It is idle to talk about national education, if no machinery is arranged for bringin this young proletaire rabble under proper training, before they qualify for the reformatory or prison, by brealing the law in so marked a manner as to become objects of interest. How is overcrowding, with its degrading effects upon health and characterm to be prevented; or proper drainage, ventilation, light and water to be secured; or legal authority to be invoked for the removal of physical and moral nuisances, if attention is directed to these vital subjects only by fits and starts by a few uninfluential persons? SInce the beginning of this century the gulf between rich and poor has become fearfully wide. The rich have become richer and the poor poorer. The proposal is to close this gulf and to bring back the rich into such close relation with the poor as cannot fail to have a civilising and healing influence, and to knit all classes together in the bonds of mutual help and good will. Everything would follow from this. There would be no necessity for pressing the adoption of remedial measures on the attention of the enlightened, public-spirited upper and middle class of London, when they were once made to understand the real evil and danger of the existing state of things by being brought into close contact with it [SW 53-54].