Charles Booth's Pension Scheme:

[December] Appeared in JRSS: of person over 65 in England and Wales 38.4 per cent., or 507,660 were already in receipt of public relief. He opposed to introduce poverty qualification. For COS, his scheme resulted in blurring a distinction between pensioners and paupers in order to maintain the dignity of pensions. On Booth's scheme, John Rae [Economic Journal March 1892] wtrote: "Mr.Booth's remedy is to give a free pension of five shilings a week from imperial taxation to all citizens at the age of sixty-five---not only to those 500,000 who need it, but to the other 800,000, who are now able to do without it, and whose fellow are, in the ordinary course of industrial progress, becoming as a body better able to do without it. ... It would cost more than twenty millions for the United Kingdom, and two-thirds of the outlay is to be incurred, not to save people from the real evil of their povery, but to save them from the wholedome feeling of inferiority in accepting public relief"[SW 290].